What is stress?
Our body reacts to dangerous and harmful situations; this is called stress. Stress is a feeling of physical and mental stress, and it can be because of any event, thought, or person that makes you angry, anxious, and nervous.
Stress differs from person to person. The causes of stress are different What causes stress in one person could be of no concern in another person. Same way, different people handle stress differently.
Not all the stress is bad; stress can be positive, such as meeting deadlines and avoiding unfavorable situations. But prolonged stress is not good for your health, both mental and physical health. Our body is not equipped to handle long term stress.
Causes of Stress
As the stress differs from person to person, causes of stress are also different for different people. Everyone has different stress triggers. According to a survey in the US survey, 40% of stress is caused by work or office. Thus work stress is the biggest factor.
The causes of stress are
- Fear and uncertainty
- Loss of loved ones
- Divorce or separation
- Moving to a new place
- Financial problems
- Loss of job
- Emotional problems for example depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem
- Any traumatic event
- Unrealistic expectations
Signs and Symptoms
Stress affects all aspects of life, your behavior, emotions, and physical health. Symptoms of stress can vary from person to person.
- Aches and pain
- Increase in heart rate
- Loss of sex drive
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Chest pain
- Low energy
- Loss of sleep
- Adopting more nervous behavior such as nail-biting
- Eating too little or too much.
- Sleeping disorder (either sleeping too little or too much)
- Use of alcohol and drugs
- Feeling depressed and anxious.
- Low self-esteem
- Becoming moody
- Cannot stay calm and relax
- Other emotional and mental health problems
Tips to Manage Stress
Stress is the new normal nowadays. It is hard to keep yourself stress-free. But certain things could help to manage stress effectively. Let’s get to know what those factors are that manage stress
- Get time for yourself
- Stop or reduce alcohol and caffeine intake
- Keep your diet healthy
- Make a routine and follow that
- Go on outing and vacations
- Don’t rush and relax
- Identify the stress triggers.
Types of Stress Disorder
The main types of stress disorder are the following.
Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)
Everyone experiences acute stress at one point or another. It is short term stress and can easily go away. The triggers of acute stress are fighting with a partner, going to a new place, or experiencing something new, death of someone close. The symptoms of acute stress disorder can remain from 3 days to one month.
- Threat of death
- Serious injury or illness
- Natural disasters
- Sexual assault
The acute stress disorder (ASD) symptoms are
- Memories and dreams about the event
- Lack of positive emotions
- Sleep disturbance
- Lack of concentration
- The feeling of numbness and detachment
- Avoiding people, conversations, places, and events
- Not aware of the surroundings
The treatment of acute stress disorder varies from person to person and depends on its symptoms. Generally, ASD can be treated in the following ways
- Psychiatrist consultation
- If the symptoms are severe such as being suicidal, then the person can be hospitalized
- Change of the place and environment
- Psychologist sessions
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy
- Medication as prescribed by the doctor if necessary
Chronic Stress Disorder
Chronic stress lasts for a longer period. Chronic stress can cause serious health problems. A person might get used to chronic stress if it is not diagnosed on time.
The causes of chronic stress disorder are
- Financial problems
- Relationship problems
- Work-related problems
- High blood pressure
The symptoms of chronic stress disorder are
- Sexual dysfunction
- Skin irritation
- Digestive problems
- Loss of self-control
- Loss of appetite
- Frequent illness
When the stress is there for more than a month and is identified, it is recommended to consult a doctor. The doctor might prescribe some therapy and medication, depending on the severity of the disorder.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an emotional and mental condition that is caused by a terrifying event. Either the person has experienced that event or witnessed it.
The symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include flashbacks, nightmares, and anxiety attacks. If the symptoms last for a longer period, and there is difficulty in performing day to day tasks, then it is the right tie to consult a doctor.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms may appear after a month of the event, but in some cases, the symptoms do not appear even after years.
- Memories and flashbacks of the event
- Emotional distress
- Avoiding to talk about the traumatic event and avoiding people and places that remind of that traumatic event
- Negative thoughts
- Being angry and aggressive
- Trouble in sleeping
- Feeling frightened or in danger
- Self-destructive behavior
When to see a doctor?
You should see a doctor when
- The disturbing thoughts and feelings about the traumatic event last more than a month.
- You have difficulty sleeping and performing your daily tasks.
- When you do not have any control over yourself.
- You cannot get your life back to normal.
- You are having suicidal thoughts.
1: What the common signs of stress are?
Improper sleep or lack of sleep
Loss of sexual desire/ability
2: Is stress good or bad?
Stress is very common in life, and it is important for survival, but too much stress is very harmful to physical and mental health. Emotional stress for weeks and months can affect the immune system and cause high BP, depression, and anxiety.
3: How can I avoid stress?
Get more sleep
Have more physical activities
Manage your time
Avoid caffeine and alcohol
4: How can I get rid of stress?
Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine
Talk to someone
Have a healthy diet
Make your environment comfortable (e.g., light candles, spray the scent in the room)
5: What the two major types of stress are?
The two major types of stress are Acute stress and chronic stress.
*Note: The information in this article is based on academic research by hittheinfo.com and is not based on professional expertise. The causes, signs, symptoms, and treatment may vary from person to person.