Mood Disorder is a condition of mental health while sadness and joy are typical experiences of life. In, Every person has to go through this emotion. Grief or sadness is our typical reaction to a loss or trauma in life, but if this condition is persistent, it is something to worry about, and it is a sign of mood disorder.
What is Mood Disorder?
A mental health condition. This condition affects the emotional state of a person if a person experiences long periods of extreme sadness, extreme happiness, or both, this mood disorder.
No one knows the exact causes, but many factors contribute to mood disorder. Some of the significant factors are
- A chemical imbalance causes disorders in the brain.
- Events and incidents in life, divorce, deaths make stressful life changes.
- It also runs in the family.
A person having a mood disorder can have difficulty in performing day to day life tasks. There are various types of mood disorders, the symptoms may vary according to condition, but some general symptoms are
- Thoughts of suicide (People with this symptom should take the professional help immediately)
- Feeling hopeless
- Difficulty in concentration
- Cannot take decisions
- Eating more or less
- Relationship problems
- Low energy
- Feeling worthless
- Sad or anxious mood
- The physical symptoms are headache and stomachache.
When to See a Doctor?
If you think that you have a problem, you should immediately consult a doctor. If you are reluctant to take the treatment, you should discuss it with your family member, friend, or someone, you trust.
A professional consultation is necessary.
- When you are not able to concentrate on your daily tasks and the reason is of your emotions.
- You cannot control your drinking habit.
- You eat too much or too little.
- You have suicidal thoughts.
Sometimes the mood disorder goes away in some time but if the condition is persistent, then seeking professional help is essential.
Many people in the world have successfully taken the treatment of mood disorder. The treatment is the combination of psychotherapy, which is also known as talk therapy, and medication depending upon the type and severity of the disorder. Psychotherapy is to regulate the mood, and medicine is to control the chemical imbalance in the brain. The combination of both treatments works best.
Significant Types of Mood Disorders
According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-V), disorders are divided into two groups. Bipolar disorders and depressive disorders.
Major Depressive Disorder: This is also called major or clinical depression. The symptoms of depression are extreme sadness, emptiness, and hopelessness. Along with these symptoms, the patients experience physical and cognitive symptoms as well.
Bipolar I Disorder: Bipolar I disorder previously called manic depression. There are episodes of irritable mood or increased energy or activity in bipolar I disorder. During the attacks, people may engage in activities that harm themselves and others.
Bipolar II Disorder: If a person has one or more hypomania (a less severe form of mania) and one or more episodes of depression. The other symptoms are racing thoughts, a decrease in sleep, and unusual talkativeness.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): A form of depression associated with the time or season such as a person feels depressed during the evening hours or in the fall or winter season.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: The mood changes during the premenstrual phase of women’s cycles. The symptoms include mood swings, irritability, anger, depressed mood, hopelessness, and anxiety or tension.
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: This disorder, added in DSM-V for the children of 18 or less. The children who exhibit anger, irritability, and frequent temper episodes might have this disorder.
Persistent Depressive Disorder: This was previously called dysthymic disorder. It is a lower form of depression. If the chronic or major depressive disorder lasts for two or more years, it is a persistent depressive disorder.