Finally, the wait is over, Russia has produced the first batch of its new coronavirus vaccine for deadly Covid-19. The Interfax news agency declared the news. The health ministry also announced it early on Saturday after hours when the department reported the start of manufacturing. Moscow has declared that the production will start within two weeks and will be in the market by the end of this month.
Contrarily, few medical experts are afraid that Russia is rushing on the Corona virus Vaccine production, which might put national prestige before safety among the global race to develop a vaccine against the disease. The vaccine will be under trial for thousands of participants and later will be out for the public. Such experiments are typically considered essential precursors for a vaccine to secure regulatory approval.
Russian President Vladimir Putin reported the use of the vaccine, which is named as “Sputnik V,” claiming it had “passed all necessary steps” added, “I hope we can start a massive release of this vaccine soon.”
Moscow has named the Corona virus Vaccine as “Sputnik V” in homage to the world’s first satellite launched by the Soviet Union. President Vladimir Putin has assured the public that it is safe, adding that one of his daughters had taken it as a volunteer and felt good afterward.
The vaccine is developed by Moscow’s Gamaleya Institute, claiming Russia would be producing about five million doses a month by December-January. Russia has more than 917,000 confirmed Covid-19 positive cases. Ninety-two thousand people were hospitalized with the virus, and 2,900 are in intensive care. Russia’s coronavirus is now fourth in the world after the United States, Brazil, and India.
Why Is It Named As Sputnik V?
The vaccine named “Sputnik V”. After the first artificial satellite that was launched by USSR in 1957, Sputnik 1. Moscow is taking this achievement as national pride.
How Is Sputnik V Going To Work?
The vaccine will be used in two shots, apart 21 days from each shot. These vaccine shots are rich in adenoviruses, which is a common cause of a common cold. The spike protein it allows the virus to enter human cells. In theory, this should prime the immune system for an encounter with the actual coronavirus.
How The Vaccine Got Approved?
Any new vaccine invented has to go through three tests before public use.
Phase I trial comprises of a small number of volunteers in a safe dose.
Phase II involves more number of people. It is to check if the vaccine generates an immune response and also know the side effects.
Phase III is a more extensive trial based and is finally results whether the vaccine defends against infection or not.
Moscow claimed that a phase III trial would commence this week and several countries including Brazil, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE.
Expected Pros And Cons Of The Vaccine
There are mixed opinions about the Corona virus Vaccine. One school of thought claims that the said vaccine might cause dangerous side effects. Adenovirus-based vaccines are already in use, and this can lower the risk as well. Another mindset explains as it might not work, but after taking the vaccine, people may not receive the necessary precautionary measures.
Francois Balloux at University College London says:
“This is a reckless and foolish decision, Any problem with the Russian vaccination campaign would be disastrous both through its negative effects on health, but also because it would further set back the acceptance of vaccines in the population.”
According to the World Health Organization, more than 200 COVID-19 vaccines are in development worldwide, and six vaccines are currently in phase III trials, but none has yet completed them. More than 100 vaccines are in progress, and many have shown positive results, raising hopes that one will be ready to be rolled out within the next 12 months.
Peter Hotez, a vaccine scientist at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, says
“That the Russians may be skipping such measures and steps is what worries our community of vaccine scientists. If they get it wrong, it could undermine the entire global enterprise”.
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